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Info. Vol.5 - No.4 (2011.12.20)
Title Electrical impedance analysis of cell growth using a parallel RC circuit model
Authors Sungbo Cho1
Institutions 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Gachon University of Medicine and Science 191 Hambangmoe-ro Yeonsu-gu Incheon 406- 799, Korea
Correspondence and requests for materials should be addressed to S. Cho ( scho@gachon.ac.kr)
Abstract For label-free and real-time monitoring of cells during growth, the electrical impedance of cell-covered electrodes was measured and analysed by an equivalent parallel-RC circuit model. The impedance of a cell-layer model was simulated in the frequency range of 100 Hz to 1 MHz at different cell sizes and cell cell gaps by using finite element method to understand how morphological changes of cells affect the impedance of the cell-layer. The simulated impedance of the cell-layer could be represented by a parallel- connected capacitance and resistance at frequencies below 10 kHz but not at frequencies higher than 10 kHz. The capacitance and resistance of the celllayer were dependent on cell size and cell cell gap. The impedance analysis of cells with the equivalent RC circuit model was proper to characterize the extracellular information and to estimate changes in cell size and cell-cell gap.
Keyword Cell chip, Cell-electrode interface, Finite element method, Impedance spectroscopy, Microelectrode
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