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Info. Vol.14 - No.4 (2020.12.20)
Title Recent Development of Aptasensor for Influenza Virus Detection
Authors Soo Min Kim, Jinmyeong Kim, Seungwoo Noh, Hiesang Sohn & Taek Lee*
Institutions "Department of Chemical Engineering, Kwangwoon University, 20 Kwangwoon-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 01899, Republic of Korea
These authors contributed equally.
*Correspondence and requests for materials should be addressed to T. Lee (tlee@kw.ac.kr) "
Abstract In nowadays, we have entered the new era of pandemics and the significance of virus detection deeply impacts human society. Viruses with genetic mutations are reported nearly every year, and people have prepared tools to detect the virus and vaccines to ensure proper treatments. Influenza virus (IV) is one of the most harmful viruses reporting various mutations, sub-types, and rapid infection speed for humans and animals including swine and poultry. Moreover, IV infection presents several harmful symptoms including cough, fever, diarrhea, chills, even causing death. To reduce the IV-induced harm, its proper and rapid detection is highly required. Conventional techniques were used against various IV sub-types including H1N1, H3N2, and H5N1. However, some of the techniques are time-consuming, expensive, or labor-intensive for detecting IV. Recently, the nucleic acid-based aptamer has gained attention as a novel bioprobe for constructing a biosensor. In this review, the authors discuss the recent progress in aptasensors for detecting IV in terms of an electrochemical and an optical biosensor.
Keyword Influenza virus, Aptamer, Electrochemical, Optical, Biosensor
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